Total (Anatomic) Shoulder Replacement
This is the typical replacement option for patients with shoulder arthritis and an intact rotator cuff. The “ball” is replaced with a metal stem and sphere while the “socket” (glenoid) is replaced with a new plastic one.
Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement
This type of replacement was initially designed for patients with rotator cuff tear arthritis – a condition characterized by the development of a large, irreparable rotator cuff that, in turn, leads to arthritis. This implant was first approved by the FDA in 2004 after years of success in Europe. The indications for this surgery have expanded to include some fractures in older patients, as well as revision surgery.