What is Plantar Fasciitis?
The plantar fascia is a strong band of tissue that connects the heel to the front of the foot. The plantar fascia is important because it supports the foot’s arch. Plantar fasciitis is a very common condition. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of lower foot pain.
Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia. By nature, the plantar fascia evenly distributes stress on the foot. Too much stress can cause minor tears and inflammation. Common causes of plantar fasciitis are:
- Repetitive high impact activities and exercises
- New exercises and activities
- Tight calf muscles
- Being overweight/obese
- A high arch
A sharp burning pain the most common symptom of plantar fasciitis. Pain is usually worse (1) in the mornings (2) after sitting down for a prolonged period of time and (3) after exercise.
Orthopaedic Institute of Central Jersey (OICJ) specialists diagnose and treat plantar fasciitis. OICJ specialists are fellowship trained and board-certified. A thorough physical examination is used to accurately diagnose plantar fasciitis. After a diagnosis is made, a customized treatment plan is created.
How is Plantar Fasciitis Treated?
Nonsurgical treatment options relieve plantar fasciitis pain. Numerous treatment options are included in an OICJ specialist’s customized treatment plan, including:
- Rest, ice, elevation. Quickly reduce inflammation.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Oral and topical medications that decrease inflammation and pain.
- Stretching exercises. At home exercises that loosen the plantar fascia and foot and calf muscles.
- Supportive shoes and orthotics. Take the pressure off the foot’s arch.
- Night splints. Keep the foot in an anatomical position while sleeping.
- Physical therapy. Stretches and strengthens the plantar fascia and foot and calf muscles.
- Corticosteroid injections. Anti-inflammatory medications that provide fast-acting pain relief.
- Immobilization. A walking cast or boot.
Surgery is rarely needed to treat plantar fasciitis. A plantar fascia release may be performed to treat very severe plantar fasciitis that does not improve after one year of nonsurgical treatment. OICJ specialists relieve plantar fascia pain as quickly as possible. To schedule your appointment with an OICJ specialist, call 732-201-6990 or visit our contact page.
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