The shoulder is a complex joint that allows for a wide range of motion, making it more susceptible to injury. A shoulder dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus is forced out of the glenoid cavity of the scapula. This can happen due to a tear in the rotator cuff tendons or the soft tissue glenoid labrum. Symptoms of a shoulder dislocation include pain, swelling, bruising, and inability to move the arm and shoulder, and there may be a visible anatomical deformity. If left untreated, there is an increased risk of re-dislocation and chronic pain. Treatment options include anti-inflammatory medications, activity modification, rest and ice, physical therapy, injections, and, if necessary, minimally invasive rotator cuff or labrum repair surgery. To ensure proper diagnosis and treatment, it is important for patients to make an appointment with a specialist as soon as possible. To schedule your appointment with our practice, please call us or visit our contact page.
The shoulder is the most mobile joint of the body. The head of the humerus (arm bone) and glenoid cavity of the scapula (shoulder blade) form the ball and socket joint. The joint is held in place by the rotator cuff tendons and the soft tissue glenoid labrum. A tear in either can cause the shoulder to partially or completely dislocate. Symptoms of a shoulder dislocation include pain, swelling and bruising, and inability to move the arm and shoulder. A visible anatomical deformity is usually seen. Common causes of a shoulder dislocation are sports injuries, traumatic accidents, and falls. Patients who experience a shoulder dislocation should make an appointment with an specialist as soon as possible. Delaying treatment increases the chances of another dislocation.
A shoulder dislocation may require immediate medical attention. If the shoulder does not relocate to its normal position on its own, a closed reduction is performed. Once the shoulder is relocated and the cause for the dislocation is determined, a treatment plan is prescribed. Nonsurgical treatment options include the following:
If nonsurgical treatment options do not reduce symptoms and stabilize the shoulder, surgical intervention may be recommended. Two commonly performed procedures are:
Both are performed minimally invasively. Minimally invasive surgery uses smaller incisions than traditional surgery and has less downtime and a quicker recovery. To schedule your appointment with a specialist, call our practice or visit our contact page.