What is Knee Osteoarthritis?
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common orthopedic conditions. It is characterized by the wear and tear of knee cartilage with age. Knee bone becomes inflamed as cartilage loses its integrity and function. Painful bone spurs may develop. Joint space decreases. Symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, and tenderness. Weight-bearing usually increases symptoms. Patients who are over 50 years old, not active, overweight and smoke are most at risk.
An early diagnosis is
How is Knee Osteoarthritis Treated?
Knee OA is a chronic condition. Treatment is focused on decreasing symptoms and preventing OA from becoming worse. OIOCJ treatment plans usually consist of a combination of the following:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Over-the-counter and prescription medications that decrease OA inflammation and pain. NSAIDs are available in topical and oral forms. Commonly prescribed NSAIDs are aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen.
- Activity and lifestyle modification. Slowing down or stopping activities that cause symptoms, losing weight, smoking cessation, walking with a brace, walker, or cane.
- Physical therapy. Exercises increase knee strength, flexibility, and function. OICJ approved physical therapists prescribe and monitor exercises.
- Injections. Steroid and numbing medications quickly decrease OA inflammation and pain.
Surgical intervention may be recommended for knee OA that does not improve after nonsurgical treatment. A partial or total knee arthroplasty removes osteoarthritic cartilage and bone and replaces it with metal and plastic components. Symptoms and quality of life improve tremendously following recovery and physical therapy. To schedule your appointment with an OIOCJ specialist, call 732-276-4334 or visit our contact page.