What is Achilles Tendonitis?
The Achilles tendon attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone. The Achilles tendon helps people walk, run, and jump. A healthy Achilles tendon is very strong. Achilles tendon injuries can be painful and sometimes long-lasting.
Achilles tendonitis is a common condition. Achilles tendonitis is inflammation of the Achilles tendon. There are two types of Achilles tendonitis. Non-insertional Achilles tendonitis occurs in the middle of the Achilles tendon. Insertional Achilles tendonitis occurs at the tendon’s insertion point on the heel.
Achilles tendonitis is usually not linked to one specific accident or injury. Usually, Achilles tendonitis takes time to develop. Common causes include:
- An increase in exercise frequency and/or volume
- Tight calf muscles
- A bone spur on the heel
Pain and stiffness are the two most common symptoms. Swelling and thickening of the tendon may also occur.
Orthopaedic Institute of Central Jersey (OICJ) specialists diagnose and treat Achilles Tendonitis. OICJ specialists are fellowship trained and board certified. A thorough physical examination is
How is Achilles Tendonitis Treated?
Nonsurgical treatment options are used to treat Achilles tendonitis. Many treatment options are available. OICJ specialists create customized treatment plans that include any or any combination of the following:
- Rest, ice, elevation. Calm inflammation.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Oral and topical medications that decrease inflammation and pain.
- Stretching exercises. At home exercises that loosen calf muscles.
- Supportive shoes and orthotics. Take the pressure off the heel and tendon.
- Physical therapy. Stretches and strengthens the calf muscles and Achilles tendon.
- Immobilization. A walking cast or boot.
Severe cases of Achilles tendonitis that do not respond to nonsurgical treatment may require surgical intervention. A gastrocnemius recession lengthens the calf muscles and takes tension off the tendon. An Achilles tendon debridement and repair removes inflamed and damaged portions of the tendon. OICJ specialists use the latest surgical techniques and equipment to perform both procedures. After a quick recovery, patients live pain-free lives with no restrictions. To schedule your appointment with an OICJ specialist, call 732-201-6990 or visit our contact page.
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