What is Golfer’s Elbow?
The arm and forearm bones come together to form the elbow joint. Many strong forearm muscle tendons insert on the medial (inside) part of the elbow joint. The inflammation of these tendons is called golfer’s elbow or medial epicondylitis. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, weakness, numbness, and stiffness. Symptoms present over the bony bump on the elbow. Symptoms typically increase when making a fist and grabbing an object. The most common cause of golfer’s elbow is overuse of the forearm during:
- Club and racquet sports (golf, tennis, baseball)
- Throwing sports
- Manual labor
To effectively treat golfer’s elbow, an Orthopaedic Institute of Central Jersey (OIOCJ) first determines exactly what is causing it. A thorough medical history is obtained and a physical examination is performed. An official diagnosis is made and a customized treatment plan is prescribed.
How is Golfer’s Elbow Treated?
Rest and ice effectively treat many cases of golfer’s elbow.
A break from symptom causing activities calms inflammation. Ice application to the inner elbow speeds up the process. If rest and ice do not improve golfer’s elbow, other treatment options may be used. Common options include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Oral and topical medications that decrease inflammation and pain. NSAIDs are available in over-the-counter and prescription strengths.
- Bracing. A brace takes pressure off the forearm tendons.
- Physical therapy. Strengthening the forearm muscles and tendons decrease symptoms and prevent them from reoccurring.
- Injections. An injection of steroid and numbing medications quickly decreases pain. Platelet-rich plasma injections may be recommended in some cases.
A combination of these treatment options decreases symptoms. Patients return to activities without having to worry about symptoms returning. To schedule your appointment with an OIOCJ specialist, call 732-276-4334 or visit our contact page.